Mallorca is one of the Balearic Islands in the Mediterranean, known for its beach resorts and sheltered coves, limestone mountains and Roman and Moorish remains. Capital Palma has 13th-century Santa María cathedral and hosts the annual Copa del Rey regatta. Stone-built villages include Pollença, with its art galleries and summer classical music festival, and hillside Fornalutx, surrounded by citrus plantations on mountain terraces.
Majorca or Mallorca (/məˈjɔrkə/ or /–ˈdʒɔr–/; Catalan: Mallorca [məˈʎɔrkə], Spanish: Mallorca [maˈʎorka]) is the largest island in theBalearic Islands archipelago, which are part of Spain and located in the Mediterranean Sea.
The capital of the island, Palma, is also the capital of the autonomous community of the Balearic Islands. The Balearic Islands have been an autonomous region of Spain since 1983. The Cabrera Archipelago is administratively grouped with Majorca (in the municipality of Palma). The anthem of Majorca is La Balanguera.
Like the other Balearic Islands of Minorca, Ibiza and Formentera, the island is an extremely popular holiday destination, particularly for tourists from Germany and the United Kingdom. The international airport, Palma de Mallorca Airport, is one of the busiest in Spain; it was used by 23.1 million passengers in 2014.
The name derives from Latin insula maior, “larger island”; later Maiorica, “the larger one” in comparison to Minorca, “the smaller one”.